Course Details

Building Chemistry

BCA001 course is part of 3 study plans

Bc. full-t. program BPC-SI > spVS compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPA-SI compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. combi. program BKC-SI compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Select chapters of basic and physical chemistry, chemical bonds, kinetics of chemical reactions, thermochemistry, chemical equilibrium, dispersion systems, dissociation, pH value, hydrolysis, and electrochemistry. Natural and secondary raw materials for building industry. Chemistry of glass. Air and hydraulic binders, production, chemical properties, setting and hardening. Corrosion of hardened binders and aggregates in the composite materials. Chemical properties of other building materials, their degradation and protection. Chemical and electrochemical properties of metals, their corrosion and protection. Chemical properties of water, waste water, water for concrete production and impact water. Atmosphere, and air pollution. Selected chapters of organic chemistry. Chemical composition and properties of wood, bitumen, carbon polymers and silicones.

Course Guarantor

doc. RNDr. Pavel Rovnaník, Ph.D.

Institute

Institute of Chemistry

Learning outcomes

The selected chapters of general and physical chemistry that are in relation to the chemistry of building materials.
Chemistry of inorganic binders and structural materials, i. e. gypsum, lime, cement, concrete, metals, their chemical composition, processes of the formation of solid structure.
Chemical processes during chemical corrosion.
Chemical composition and properties of organic building materials, such as timber, bitumen, and plastics.
Chemistry of water, air and the environment.
Student gets the aim of subject under control, i. e. the selected chapters of general, physical, inorganic and organic chemistry that are in relation to the chemistry of building materials and to the chemistry of water.

Prerequisites

Atomic structure of the elements, periodic table, basic chemical laws, inorganic terminology, simple stoichiometric calculations, basic terms of organic chemistry, an overview of the hydrocarbons and their derivates, principals of organic compounds nomenclature.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. Students work in pairs in the lab and make simple experiments according to the instructions. At the end of each session students make a report on the results of the experiments, which is given to the supervisor. Sudents in combined form of study take two tests in LMS Moodle application and at the end of the term they take part in one-day laboratory session.

Forms and criteria of assessment

Students can get a credit based on reports on the experiments laboratory sessions and success in three control tests.
Exam is based on an oral discussion about theoretical background in building chemistry.

Objective

The selected chapters of general and physical chemistry that are in relation to the chemistry of building materials.
Chemistry of inorganic and organic building materials, their chemical composition, processes of the formation of solid structure and the chemical corrosion processes.

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.

Lecture

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1. Atomic mass, the mole, composition of nucleous, isotopes, radioactivity, atomic structure.
2. Quantum numbers, Pauli principle, Aufbau principle, Hund’s rule, periodic trends in atomic properties, periodic table.
3. Chemical bonds, polarity of bonds, chemical equations, stoichiometry, dissociation, pH.
4. Chemical kinetics, reaction rates, activated complex, catalysis, thermochemistry, chemical equilibrium.
5. Phase states of matter, gases, liquids, solids, crystallography.
6. Dispersions – gels, suspensions, aerosols, emulsion, colloids, real solutes, tezides.
7. Properties of selected inorganic compounds of carbon and silicon, chemistry and degradation of glass.
8. Chemical composition and properties of natural and secondary raw materials used i building industry
9. Production, composition and chemical properties of lime, hydraulic lime, gypsum plaster, Portland cement, and high alumina cement.
10. Corrosion of binders, protection against degradation processes.
11. Electrochemistry, galvanic cells, standard reduction potentials, electrolysis, metals and their corrosion.
12. Chemistry of water and atmosphere. Chemical composition of wood and deterioration of timber structures. Bitumens.
13. Composition of polymers based on the carbon chain, their chemical stability. Composition and properties of silicones, chemical durability.

Practice

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, compulsory

Syllabus of practice

1. Information regardeing laboratory session.
2. Acids.
3. Bases.
4. Neutralization and hydrolysis of slts.
5. Oxidation and reduction.
6. Lime, plaster of Paris.
7. Cements.
8. Other building materials.
9. Water.
10. Water in consuption and the environment.
11. Metals.
12. Properties of selected organic compounds.
13. Final test.