Course Details

Building Materials

BIA001 course is part of 4 study plans

Bc. full-t. program BPC-SI > spVS compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-MI compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPA-SI compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. combi. program BKC-SI compulsory Summer Semester 1st year 5 credits

Basic information about structure, basic properties of building materials and their use as building materials. Testing methods of physical-mechanical properties and durability with focus on destructive methods. Basic deformational characteristics of building materials and their monitoring. Properties of building materials: stone, aggregate, binder, concrete, mortar, building ceramics, metal, timber, high molecular matters, bitumens, insulating materials, composite materials. Practical laboratory tests of selected building materials with individual tasks for individual students including elaboration of records about the tests.

Course Guarantor

doc. Ing. Pavel Schmid, Ph.D.


Institute of Building Testing

Learning outcomes

Students completing the course will acquire the following professional knowledge and skills:
Basic list of building materials, physico-mechanical properties, evaluation of advantages and disadvantages for practical building applications with impact on mechanical resistivity, durability and long time reliability and safety of construction elements and structures. After completing the practical laboratory course students obtain an overview of testing methods including optimal evaluation of the determined physico-mechanical values and systematic lists:
Determination of volume mass, bulk weight and porosity of bulk and compacted aggregate. Determination of particle size distribution and of the content of fine particles in aggregate. Determination of particle shape - shape index. Determination of strength of lightweight aggregate grains.
Determination of normal density and setting times of cement paste. Determination of water-cement ratio and the setting time of gypsum binder. Determination of the consistency and volume mass of fresh mortar.
Determination of volume mass, tensile strength in bending and compressive strength of hardened mortar.
Determination of volume mass, water absorption and compressive strength of natural rock.
Determination of volume mass and water absorption of different types of concrete. Determination of compressive strength, tensile strength in bending and splitting strength of concrete.
Determination of volume mass of bricks and volume mass and water absorption of brick body. Determination of tensile strength in bending and compressive strength of bricks.
Determination of volume mass, moisture content, moisture absorption and swelling of a timber sample. Determination of the compressive strength of timber parallel to the fibers and of its bending strength. Determination of the impact strength of wood in bending.
Determination of the type of steel reinforcement and of its nominal diameter. Determination of steel hardness by means of Poldi method.Tensile test of steel.
Determination of volume mass, tensile strength and bending strength and determination of compressive stress in selected samples of polymers.


Plane geometry, stereometry, goniometric functions, units of physical quantities and their transfers, the fundamental laws of physics, mechanics of bodies.


Statics of rigid bodies, elasticity theory of solids, Hookes law, the effects of static and dynamic loading, deformation of body.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

The educational activity is provided by means of lectures and laboratory practice. Lectures cover the explanation of basic principles, methodology of the discipline, problems and their solutions. Laboratory practice supports the practical mastery of the subject matter presented in the lectures with the active participation of students.

Forms and criteria of assessment

The study results are checked by continuous monitoring during the course, by a credit and examination. The credit requirements include active participation in all laboratory exercises, correctly processed logs in the exercise book. The exam tests the comprehensive command of the material presented in lectures and the ability to apply the acquired knowledge independently and creatively. The teacher assesses the extent of knowledge of the material in the form of ECTS mar


Acquainting and practising of building material selected basic properties,the ability to realize the basic tests of various kinds of building materials.

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.


2 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1. Introduction, good laboratory practice.
2. Structure and properties of building materials.
3. Determination of properties, testing and determination of properties of building materials.
4. Building rock, aggregate and rock products.
5. Binders and mortar I.
6. Binders and mortar II.
7. Concrete, special types of concrete and concrete products I.
8. Concrete, special types of concrete and concrete products II.
9. Silicates, silicate products and glass.
10. Timber, timber products and construction.
11. Steel, metals and non-ferrous metals.
12. Polymers , other building materials, materials and products.
13. Asphalts, tars and road construction materials.


2 hours/week, 13 weeks, compulsory

Syllabus of practice

1. Introduction into laboratory practice.
2. Physical properties of aggregate.
3. Geometric and physical-mechanical properties of aggregate.
4. Properties of fresh binders.
5. Properties of fresh mortars.
6. Properties of hardened mortars and binders.
7. Physical properties of concrete and rock.
8. Physical and mechanical properties of rock and concrete.
9. Properties of silicates and brickmaking products.
10. Properties of timber.
11. Properties of steel and other metals.
12. Properties of polymers.
13. Final summary, credit.