Course Details

Geology

Academic Year 2022/23

BFA001 course is part of 5 study plans

stud.semestr.null 1st year

BPC-SI Winter Semester 1st year

BPC-MI Winter Semester 1st year

BPA-SI Winter Semester 1st year

BKC-SI Winter Semester 1st year

Earth’s interior and Earth’s crust, plate tectonic, subduction and rift zones, technical petrography – rock forming minerals, structures and textures affecting rock properties, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks – formation, classification, properties and application of rocks in civil engineering practice (aggregates, building and ornamental stones), assessment of foundation soils composed of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, problems during construction caused by various types of foundation soils, endogenous geological processes – volcanism, earthquake, tectonic forces, folding, faults, cracks in rock environment and their affecting of construction, principles of structural geology, exogenous geological processes – weathering, erosion, geodynamic processes and their affecting of construction, basics of geomorphology, basics of hydrogeology – groundwater in construction site, geological maps, principles of regional geology of the Czech Republic – Bohemian Massif, Western Carpathians, methods of engineering geological survey.

Course Guarantor

prof. RNDr. Lukáš Krmíček, Ph.D.

Institute

Institute of Geotechnics

Objective

The students will be familiar with basic types of rocks forming foundation soils, including natural processes affecting their quality in time (endogenous and exogenous processes). The basics of hydrogeology are also an integral part of the study including the explaining of groundwater influence on behaviour and properties of foundation soil. The students acquire the process of engineering geological investigation for foundation soils within the I. geotechnical category (Czech Standard 73 1001).

Knowledge

The students will be able to determine basic types of rocks commonly used as foundation soil for construction including their properties and behaviour. They will acquire the knowledge necessary for identification and classification of endogenous and exogenous factors affecting the quality of the ground. Students will also obtain practical experience with the behaviour and properties of soils especially the influence of water on the change of their properties. They will also acquire the skill to design and realize the survey of foundation soil for preliminary design.

Syllabus

1. Introduction, Earth’s interior, Historical geology, basic rock classification, rock forming minerals and their properties.
2. Rock structure – generally; Igneous rock structure, basic types of plutonic and volcanic rocks.
3. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
4. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
5. Basic types of metamorphic rocks, properties, behaviour and application of metamorphic rocks.
6. Endogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
7. Exogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
8. Landslides.
9. Ground water and springs.
10. Geological maps and information sources, methods of investigation of foundation ground.
11. Basics of regional geology of the Bohemian massif and Western Carpathians on the territory of the Czech Republic.
12. Overview of basic types of foundation ground in relation to geological characteristics.
13. Basic tasks of engineering geology in construction in relation to environmental aspects. Exploitation of rocks and their application in building industry.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of science subjects at secondary school.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Credits

5 credits

Semester

summer

Forms and criteria of assessment

course-unit credit and examination

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Offered to foreign students

Not to offer

Course on BUT site

https://www.vut.cz/en/students/courses/detail/263315

Lecture

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective

Syllabus

1. Introduction, Earth’s interior, Historical geology, basic rock classification, rock forming minerals and their properties.
2. Rock structure – generally; Igneous rock structure, basic types of plutonic and volcanic rocks.
3. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
4. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
5. Basic types of metamorphic rocks, properties, behaviour and application of metamorphic rocks.
6. Endogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
7. Exogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
8. Landslides.
9. Ground water and springs.
10. Geological maps and information sources, methods of investigation of foundation ground.
11. Basics of regional geology of the Bohemian massif and Western Carpathians on the territory of the Czech Republic.
12. Overview of basic types of foundation ground in relation to geological characteristics.
13. Basic tasks of engineering geology in construction in relation to environmental aspects. Exploitation of rocks and their application in building industry.

Exercise

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective