Course Details

Geology

BFA001 course is part of 4 study plans

Bc. full-t. program BPC-SI > spVS compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-MI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPA-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. combi. program BKC-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Earth’s interior and Earth’s crust, plate tectonic, subduction and rift zones,technical petrography – rock forming minerals, structures and textures of rocks affecting properties of rocks,igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks – formation, classification, properties and application of rocks in civil engineering practice (aggregates, building and ornamental stones),assessment of foundation soils composed of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks,problems during construction caused by various types of foundation soils,endogenous geological processes – volcanic activity, earthquake, tectonic forces, folding, faults, cracks in rock environment and their affecting of construction, basics of structural geology,exogenous geological processes – weathering, erosion, geodynamic processes and their affecting of construction,basics of geomorphology, basics of hydrogeology – groundwater in construction site, geological maps, basics of regional geology of the Czech Republic – Bohemian massif, Western Carpathians, methods of engineering geological survey.

Course Guarantor

Mgr. Alexandra Erbenová, Ph.D.

Institute

Institute of Geotechnics

Learning outcomes

Lectures provide basic information about the Earth, global plate tectonics and stratigraphy,origin and petrographical classification of rocks, rock forming minerals and their index properties, clay minerals and their importance for civil engineering practice, rocks as foundation ground and as construction material (aggregates and building stone), igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, their structures and mineral composition,physical-mechanical index properties of rocks and soils, endogenous geological forces-tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes,exogenous geological forces - oceans, lakes, water courses, frost effects, glaciers,geodynamic processes, weathering, suffusion, erosion, karst phenomena, landslides, hydrogeology,regional geology.
In practical classes, the aim is to acquire the ability to assess the properties of rocks as ground soil. For macroscopic determination of rocks, new textbooks have been supplemented with a special new stone collection.
The result of course is ability of students to identify the most common rock types, to evaluate the properties of the ground soil, to assess the impact of natural processes, including the effect of groundwater on building construction, desing and realize the survey of foundation soil for preliminary design.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of science subjects at secondary school.

Corequisites

Not necessary.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the VUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.
Teaching includes optional lectures, field trips and workshops held currently in projects or independently by individual teachers.

Forms and criteria of assessment

The course is assessed as ongoing work, as well as managing content of course for the complete semester. Final evaluation has the written and oral form. The course is concluded by awarding credits based on the defense of seminar work and mastering the description of rock material and the successful completion of the exam. Specific conditions for successful completion of the course students are reported to the teacher at the beginning of the semester.

Objective

The students will be acquainting with basic types of rocks forming foundation soils, including natural processes affecting their quality in time (endogenous and exogenous processes). The basics of hydrogeology are also an integral part of the study including the explaining of groundwater influence on behaviour and properties of foundation soil. The students acquire the process of engineering geological investigation for foundation soils within the I. geotechnical category (Czech Standard 73 1001).

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.

Lecture

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1. Introduction, Earth’s interior, Historical geology, basic rock classification, rock forming minerals and their properties.
2. Rock structure – generally; Igneous rock structure, basic types of plutonic and volcanic rocks.
3. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
4. Basic types of sedimentary rocks, properties, behaviour and application of sedimentary rocks.
5. Basic types of metamorphic rocks, properties, behaviour and application of metamorphic rocks.
6. Endogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
7. Exogenous processes in the Earth’s crust.
8. Landslides.
9. Ground water and springs.
10. Geological maps and information sources, methods of investigation of foundation ground.
11. Basics of regional geology of the Bohemian massif and Western Carpathians on the territory of the Czech Republic.
12. Overview of basic types of foundation ground in relation to geological characteristics.
13. Basic tasks of engineering geology in construction in relation to environmental aspects. Exploatation of rocks and their application in building industry.

Practice

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, compulsory

Syllabus of practice

1. Work schedule of the seminars. Sources of information, study literature. Prerequisites.
2. Minerals and textures of igneous rocks.
3. Overview of igneous rocks.
4. Entering essay. Safety fieldwork. Minerals and textures of sedimentary rocks. Overview of sedimentary rocks.
5. Overview of sedimentary rocks – complete. Minerals and textures of metamorphic rocks. Overview of metamorphic rocks.
6. Consultation on the essay – description of rock material from the selected location, classification.
7. Consultation on the essay – description of rock material from the selected location, classification.
8. Repeat petrography – Preparation for credit.Checking text essay. Geological maps.
9. Repeat petrography – Preparation for credit.Checking text essay. Geological maps.
10. Description of rock material for credit.
11. The defense seminar work.
12. Geological field trip.
13. Credit.