Course Details

Prestressed Engineering Construction

Academic Year 2022/23

NLA031 course is part of 1 study plan

NPC-SIR Winter Semester 1st year

Principle of prestressing. Basic concept of pre-tensioning and post-tensioning. Material properties, manufacturing. Pretensioning operations, technology. Post-tensioning operations, technology, prestressing systems. Prestressing and its changes. Effects of prestressing on concrete members and structures, statically determinate and indeterminate structures. Ultimate limit state, full stress-strain response, shear resistance. Resistance of against cracks. Control of crack width and deflection of prestressed members. Design and construction both of building and engineering prestressed structures. Application of prestressing on masonry structures. Strengthening of masonry structures using prestressing. Design and construction of general types of bridges.

Course Guarantor

prof. RNDr. Ing. Petr Štěpánek, CSc., dr. h. c.

Institute

Institute of Concrete and Masonry Structures

Objective

Understanding of the behaviour of prestressed concrete structures.
Design and construction of prestressed concrete structural members and structural systems, analysis and detailing.

Knowledge

A student gains these knowledge and skills:
• Understanding of the behaviour of prestressed concrete structures.
• Design and construction of prestressed concrete structural members and structural systems, analysis and detailing.

Syllabus

1. Introduction, basic concept of prestressing. Behaviour of non-prestressed and prestressed concrete beams. Material properties, manufacturing.
2. Prestressing technology, basic terminology. Pre- and post-tensioning prestressed concrete, prestressing systems.
3.–4. Prestressing and its changes. Effects of prestressing on concrete members and structures. Equivalent load method. Design of prestressing using the load balancing method. Influence of the construction metod on design of prestressed structures.
5. General principles of prestress members dimensioning. Ultimate limit state (ULS) of prestressed members loaded by axial force and bending moment, decompression state, initial stress-state of the cross-section. Prestressed members loaded in shear and torsion, stress analysis, proportioning.
6. Analysis of the anchorage zone - stress, calculation model, check of resistance, reinforcement. Serviceability limit states (SLS). Limitation of stress, crack resistence, calculation of crack width. Control of deflection.
7.–8. Design and realisation of selected prestressed structures of building and engineering constructions.
9. Application of prestressing on masonry structures – structural modifications, principles of structural solution and dimensioning.
10. Strengthening of masonry structures by prestressing – methods of strengthening, realisation, structural analysis.
11. Design and construction of general types of slabs and girder bridges.
12. Problems of design and construction of bridges built on the stationary and launch scaffolding, cantilever bridges, incrementally launched bridges.
13. Problems of design and construction of precast girder and segmental bridges.

Prerequisites

structural mechanics, theory of elasticity, plasticity, concrete and masonry members, concrete and masonry structures

Language of instruction

Czech

Credits

3 credits

Semester

winter

Forms and criteria of assessment

course-unit credit and examination

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Offered to foreign students

Not to offer

Course on BUT site

https://www.vut.cz/en/students/courses/detail/252970

Lecture

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective

Syllabus

1. Introduction, basic concept of prestressing. Behaviour of non-prestressed and prestressed concrete beams. Material properties, manufacturing.
2. Prestressing technology, basic terminology. Pre- and post-tensioning prestressed concrete, prestressing systems.
3.–4. Prestressing and its changes. Effects of prestressing on concrete members and structures. Equivalent load method. Design of prestressing using the load balancing method. Influence of the construction metod on design of prestressed structures.
5. General principles of prestress members dimensioning. Ultimate limit state (ULS) of prestressed members loaded by axial force and bending moment, decompression state, initial stress-state of the cross-section. Prestressed members loaded in shear and torsion, stress analysis, proportioning.
6. Analysis of the anchorage zone - stress, calculation model, check of resistance, reinforcement. Serviceability limit states (SLS). Limitation of stress, crack resistence, calculation of crack width. Control of deflection.
7.–8. Design and realisation of selected prestressed structures of building and engineering constructions.
9. Application of prestressing on masonry structures – structural modifications, principles of structural solution and dimensioning.
10. Strengthening of masonry structures by prestressing – methods of strengthening, realisation, structural analysis.
11. Design and construction of general types of slabs and girder bridges.
12. Problems of design and construction of bridges built on the stationary and launch scaffolding, cantilever bridges, incrementally launched bridges.
13. Problems of design and construction of precast girder and segmental bridges.

Exercise

13 weeks, 1 hours/week, compulsory

Syllabus

1. Effect of prestressing on statically determinate structures. Students are to solved tasks individually.
2. Effect of prestressing on statically indeterminate structures. Students are to solved tasks individually.
3.–4. Project: Design and assessment of prestressed roof girder. Action and combination of loads, design of cross-section, characteristics of materials, types of prestressing steels, structural requirements.
5.–6. Continuation of project. Design of eccentricity and magnitude of prestressing force, design of amount of prestressed strands.
7. Continuation of project. Immediate (short-term) losses of prestress.
8. Continuation of project. Long-term (time dependent) losses of prestress.
9.–10. Continuation of project. Verification of design by serviceability limit state – stress limitation, crack control.
11. Continuation of project. Verification of design by ultimate limit state – bending moment.
12. Continuation of project. Scheme of girder reinforcement by prestressing strands.
13. Project and tasks submission. Credit.