Reconstruction and Renovation of Historical Buildings
NHB053 course is part of 3 study plans
Ing. full-t. program NPC-SIS compulsory-elective Winter Semester 2nd year 5 credits
Ing. full-t. program NPA-SIS compulsory Winter Semester 2nd year 5 credits
Ing. combi. program NKC-SIS compulsory Winter Semester 2nd year 5 credits
Cultural monuments and all the older or heritage buildings need to be renovated in a specific way. It is necessary to acquaint with historical building technology and used means creating their construction, architecture and embellishment. The course content is aimed right at this so that students can familiarize with traditional technologies, construction and craft industry. Last but not least they also learn how to deal with employees of conservation institutes.
The graduate obtains fundamental knowledge about the construction and project design process of building rehabilitation and reconstruction of historical buildings. The graduate is able to:
– describe the history of buildings and architectural styles in the Czech Republic.
– design the reconstruction of particular structures of historical buildings and building monuments.
– conduct the detailed building survey: basic structural and static survey, moisture survey and bio-corrosion evaluation, including a preliminary assessment.
– conduct the fundamental architectural analysis of the building.
– conduct the fundamental historical survey.
Basic knowledge of constructions of vertical and horizontal building parts; constructions of roofs and roof trusses; interior finishing works; basics of the history of architecture; building constructional and historical survey; building chemistry and physics; drawing of building structures and their changes.
Knowledge in the fields: building design, building physics and loadbearing structures.
Planned educational activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of Brno University of Technology Rules for Studies and Examinations. Lectures are supported with audiovisual equipment, presentation of building material samples and practical demonstrations of measuring devices in the field of reconstruction and rehabilitation of buildings. In practice classes students defend their projects before the study group and the teacher. Students have an intranet access to el
Forms and criteria of assessment
Passing of practice classes requires attendance, submission and presentation of semestral project. Passing of the course is conditioned by written exam.
Construction and technology of exterior and interior embellishment, wall surface finishings, decorative elements, development of fortification buildings, preservation of ruins, painting methods.
Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences
Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.
2 hours/week, 10 weeks, elective
Syllabus of lectures
1. Introduction to the subject; surveys and diagnostics of historical buildings.
2.–3. History of buildings and architectural styles in the Czech Republic.
4. Monument care: development and contemporary legal requirements on the protection of cultural heritage in the Czech Republic; methods of protection and presentation of building monuments.
5. Approaches to conservation and modification of individual building elements and structures of historical buildings and building monuments.
6. Historical building technologies: plasters of historic buildings; gypsum plasters and false vaults; stucco work.
7. Historical building technologies: painting technologies in historical eras; fresco paintings; gilding, patina coating, polychrome.
8. Historical building technologies: sgraffiti; stucco lustro; mosaic; wallpapers.
9. Vaults: fundamental overview, building technologies, faults and repairs.
10. Final lecture and summary; information on the examination.
2 hours/week, 10 weeks, compulsory
Syllabus of practice
1. Introduction to practice classes; classification requirements; assignment of semestral work.
2. Individual consultation of the assignment and field work: preliminary survey, measurement of current state, photodocumentation, collection of the necessary information.
3. Historical survey of the given building: work with archive and literary sources.
4. Architectural analysis of the building and art history review: architectural style and detail; monument evaluation of the building.
5. Building survey: basic structural and static survey, moisture survey and bio-corrosion evaluation, including a preliminary assessment of the current state.
6.–7. Design of the refurbishment of particular structures: processing the problems of reconstruction, rehabilitation or renovation procedures of selected building defects and failures (special technological procedures for the restoration of monuments are preferred).
8.–9. Individual consultation; presentation of work results.
10. Submission of semestral work; credits.