Course Details

Underground Engineering

DFB023 course is part of 4 study plans

Ph.D. full-t. program DPC-K compulsory-elective Winter Semester 2nd year 8 credits

Ph.D. combi. program DKC-K compulsory-elective Winter Semester 2nd year 8 credits

Ph.D. full-t. program DPA-K compulsory-elective Winter Semester 2nd year 8 credits

Ph.D. combi. program DKA-K compulsory-elective Winter Semester 2nd year 8 credits

History, nomenclature and terminology in the underground structures. The basic design elements of underground structures. Geotechnical survey for underground structures, influence of technology to their layout. Classification of surroundings for uderground structures. Theory of rock pressures. Tunnel systems and schemes for major profiles, classic systems, ring method. The New Austrian Tunnel Method (NATM), Tunnel Sequential Machines (TSM) and Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM), shield tunnelling by open and closed shields, PERFOREX method. Improvement of environmental at driving, silting, rawing-out. Theoretical description of selected material models (Mohr-Coulomb model, Hoek-Brown model, Jointed rock model, Shotcrete model) used in mathematical modeling of underground structures.

Course Guarantor

doc. Ing. Vladislav Horák, CSc.


Institute of Geotechnics

Learning outcomes

Objective – advanced knowledge in the field of mathematical modeling of underground structures, focusing on material models for rock environment and structural elements (lining, bolts, anchors, etc.) and technology in underground engineering.

Output - theoretical basics of material models, including the determination of their input parameters used in the modeling of underground structures, together with the possibilities of modeling of selected technological processes in the execution of underground work (marginal conditions, building phase, etc.).


Basic principles of geology, engineering geology, soil mechanics, building materials, structural mechanics, elasticity and plasticity theory, foundation engineering, geodesy, building materials, basic principles of railway, overground and water structures.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

The lectures are supplemented by numerical simulation of laboratory tests for different material models and their comparison with real results.

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.

Forms and criteria of assessment

The course is finished by an oral exam.

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.


3 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1. The main construction elements of underground structures. The basic design elements for separate types of underground structures.
2. Classification of surroundings for underground structures, classification systems.
3. State of stress of rocky massive round of tunnel excavation, arch theory, load of lining by the part of primary stress.
4. Tunnel systems for large profiles - New Austrian Tunnel Method.
5. Tunnel systems for large profiles – Adeco –rs method.

6. Tunnel Sequential Machines(TSM) and Tunnel Boring Machines(TBM) Shield tunnelling by open and closed shields, special shields.
7. Material models – Mohr-Coulomb, Hoek-Brown model.
8. Material models – Hoek-Brown model (contin.), Jointed rock model.
9. Material model - Jointed rock model (contin.).
10. The design of primary lining.
11. Material model – Shotcerete.
12. Modelling of rock bolts and anchors.
13. Excavation and projecting of shafts.