Course Details

Building Constructions 1

BHA001 course is part of 5 study plans

Bc. full-t. program BPC-EVB compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 7 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-SI > spVS compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 7 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-MI compulsory Winter Semester 2nd year 7 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPA-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 7 credits

Bc. combi. program BKC-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 7 credits

The course is to introduce the history and development of the civil engineering industry to the student. It’s to teach students about the building code and accompanying decrees, local standards, nomenclature, structural systems, etc. Students are to gain information about loads and forces as well alongside ones regarding vertical load and non-load bearing structures, stairs, ramps, and others.

Course Guarantor

doc. Ing. Jan Pěnčík, Ph.D.

Institute

Institute of Building Structures

Learning outcomes

Obtaining information about the historical development of the construction, an overview of the building laws, selected decrees, norms and with the chosen nomenclature of the field building construction. Learning outcomes of the course unit Obtaining knowledge about basic requirements and influences on the construction of building structures, basic structural principles and structural systems of building structures. Learning about vertical load and non-load bearing structures, stairs, ramps, and others.

Prerequisites

It is assumed that the student has no knowledge at the beginning of the course in the field of civil engineering.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

Learning takes the form of lectures and exercises. The dissemination of information obtained at lectures by self-study topics is expected. Within the exercises, the student acquires habits of drawing objects of building construction according to valid standards and on practical examples verify knowledge gained by studying according to lectures.

Forms and criteria of assessment

Written and graphical level of expression, adherence to established terminology, theoretical knowledge corresponding to the extent of lectures and practical skills using the rules for drawing building objects corresponding to the content of the exercises are evaluated. Part of the conditions for granting the credit is the fulfillment of required outputs and attendance. Acquiring the exam is conditional upon successfully passing a written exam.

Objective

Students introduction into problematic of building construction, namely from plan, project documentation, to own carrying out.
Acquaint with basic condition of construction, terminology of structure and basic construction principles.
Summary and profundity of education subject is volumetric and content conceived from lessons in amount of semester instruction.

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.

Lecture

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1. Introduction. History of civil engineering, i.e. the field of building constructions
2. Classification of constructions (buildings, traffic, and transportation facilities, water management facilities and special objects). Classification of buildings. Nomenclature in building constructions.
3. Design and construction process. Directions and influences in construction processes – professional competence of people, building code and accompanying decrees, Czech technical standards, technical requirements for building structures, modular coordination.
4. Primary requirements put onto building structures (mechanic resistance and stability, fire safety, health protection of living beings and living environment, noise protection, safety system design, and energy saving and thermal protection). Influences affecting structures of buildings.
5. Structural elements. Structural systems and requirements. Stability and rigidity of structural systems. Design of structural systems. Classification of structural systems (wall slab, post slab, combined).
6. Load bearing vertical structures – Wall slab structural system – principles, materials, fasteners and the process of joining. Types of wall slab structural systems
7. Load bearing vertical structures – Wall slab structural system – Types of wall slab structural systems
8. Load bearing vertical structures – Post slab structural system – principles, materials, element connections. Types of post slab structural systems.
9. Non-load bearing vertical structures. Lintels and opening head solutions.
10. Stairways – General design principles and requirements, step and flight dimensions.
11. Stairways – Structures of internal and external stairs. Division of stairways.
12. Garde-corps
13. Ladders, ramps, elevators, and escalators.

Practice

3 hours/week, 13 weeks, compulsory

Syllabus of practice

The aim of practices is to teach students the proper ways of drafting. More specifically the usage of actually valid standards about construction drawings. Throughout practices, students are bound to work on studies, floor plans and sections.

1. Introduction to practices. Drafting standards. Paper format and arrangement of paper space. Technical lettering. Scales in drafting. Line types and line weight in drawings of buildings.
2. Drafting according to latest standards – Hatching. Dimensioning. Leaders and bubbles. Drawing of plumbing fixtures and furniture. Floor and room numbering.
3. Drafting according to latest standards – Basics of typology. Modular coordination.
4. Drafting according to latest standards – Drawing of windows.
5. Drafting according to latest standards – Drawing of doors and gates.
6. Drafting according to latest standards – Surface finishes. Chimneys and ventilation shafts.
7. Drafting according to latest standards – First-floor plan and sections of a building without basement (case study)
8. First-floor plan respecting modular coordination and basics of typology
9. Drafting according to latest standards – First-floor plan and the section of a building without basement (individual assignment)
10. Drafting according to latest standards – Stairway design. Drafting of stairs.
11. Drafting according to latest standards – Stairway design. Drafting of stairs.
12. Drafting according to latest standards – Stairway in the plans of a multi-story building.
13. Submission and final evaluation of presented work.