Course Details

Physics

BBA001 course is part of 5 study plans

Bc. full-t. program BPC-EVB compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-SI > spVS compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPC-MI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. full-t. program BPA-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Bc. combi. program BKC-SI compulsory Winter Semester 1st year 5 credits

Partition of physics, field, mass, kinematics of a point mass, dynamics of a point mass, dynamics of a rigid body, hydromechanics, vibrations and waves.

Course Guarantor

prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Chobola, CSc.

Institute

Institute of Physics

Learning outcomes

To obtain the theoretical knowledges and practical skill in these fields of physics: kinematics and dynamics of point mass, mechanics of rigid body, hydromechanics, mechanic oscillations.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of physics and mathematics at a level of highschool.

Corequisites

Applied Mathematics: vectors, derivatives, simple and double integral, homogeneous differential equations with constant coefficients.

Planned educational activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. Rules for Studies and Examinations. The method is based on a series of lectures (two two-lesson lectures per each week) and laboratory exercises (two-lesson measurement per each week). In addition, students have to solve a series of numerical problems. The solutions of these problems are checked by the teachers in the laboratory exercises.

Forms and criteria of assessment

Minimum requirements The student´s condition for gaining a credit is measurement of nine laboratory excercises and creating lab reports on-the-fly. Further, students must calculate twenty examples given by the teacher. The last condition is a successful pass of the final test in the form of examples.

Objective

To obtain the elementary know ledges and practical acquaintances in physics sphere: kinematics and dynamics of substantial point, mechanics of solid figure, hydromechanics and mechanics flash and wave.

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění stanoví každoročně aktualizovaná vyhláška garanta předmětu.

Lecture

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, elective

Syllabus of lectures

1.week: Motion of particle. Instantaneous velocity. Instantaneous acceleration. Analysis of vector of acceleration
2.week: General motion. Uniform circular motion. Circular motion with uniform angular acceleration.
3.week: Dynamic of particle. Newton’s laws of motion. Solution of equation of motion. Motion in no inertial frame works.
4.week: Work, Power. Potential energy. Kinetic energy. The law of conservation of mechanical energy.
5.week: Impulse of force. Moment of force. Moment of momentum. Continuity between moment of force and moment of omentum.
6.week: Mass and momentum of a system of particles, external and internal forces. Moment of internal forces. Center of mass.
7.week: First impulse principle. Second impulse principle. Totally rigid body, force in rigid body. Couples forces.
8.week: Kinetic energy of rigid body. Moment of inertia. Work and power by circular motion of rigid body.
9.week: Pascal’s principle. Hydrostatic pressure. Archimedes principle. Surface tension.
10.week: Equation of continuity. Principle of fluid momentum. Bernoulli’s equation.
11.week: Free harmonic oscillations. Energy of harmonic oscillations.
12.week: Damped oscillations. Forced oscillations.
13.Week: Wave. Equation of displacement. Wave equation.

Practice

2 hours/week, 13 weeks, compulsory

Syllabus of practice

Week 1: instructions - introduction to methods of measurement, calculation methods, roles for an entire semester (cyclic tasks for pairs of students familiar with the safety regulations for work on electrical installations in student labs)
Week 2 first laboratory measurement tasks according to the schedule
Week 3 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 4 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 5 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 6 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 7 consultation, corrections, measurement of errorneous exercises
Week 8 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 9 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 10 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 11 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 12 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 13 exam and submission of the minutes of the previous measurements, credit
Topics and content of laboratory exercises:
Radius of curvature of spherical surfaces and dioptric power as found by means of the spherometer
Surface area as determined by calculation and with a planimeter
Density of solids as determined by the direct method and the hydrostatic balance
Modulus of elasticity in tension as determined by direct method
Modulus of elasticity in tension as measured tensometrically and mechanically by static method from deflection
Modulus of elasticity in tension as determined by oscillations of a bar
Modulus of elasticity in shear as determined by direct method
Modulus of elasticity in shear as determined by dynamic method
Local acceleration of gravity as determined by reversion pendulum
Determining the moment of inertia from the physical pendulum’s swing period
Moment of inertia as determined by torsial vibration
Surface tension of liquids as determined by torsion balance
Viscosity determined by Stokes viscosimeter