Course Details

# Physics I

GB01 course is part of 2 study plans

B-P-C-GK Winter Semester 1st year

B-K-C-GK Winter Semester 1st year

Physical quantities and equations, vector analysis in physics, kinematics and dynamics of a point mass, rectilinear motion and rotational motion, work, power and energy, impulse of force, momentum, momentum of force, angular momentum, the system of particles, rigid body, centre of mass, equilibrium, motion of a body, kinetic energy of a rigid body, moment of inertia, work and power of rotating body, the gravitational field, intensity and potential of a gravitational field, the motion of planets, the harmonic oscillator, proper vibrations, damped and forced vibrations, addition and analysis of vibrations, Doppler&apos;s effect and its applications.

Course Guarantor

prof. Ing. Luboš Pazdera, CSc.

Institute

Institute of Physics

Objective

To obtain the elementary knowledge and practical experience in physical domens: Particles in motion,Newtonian mechanics, mechanical vibrations.

Knowledge

The knowledge and practical experience in physical domens: Newtonian mechanics and mechanical vibrations.

Syllabus

1. Kinematics of a point mass.
2. Dynamics of a point mass.
3. Equation for motion for inertial and non-inertial systems.
4. Work power and energy.
5. Impulse of force,momentum of force.
6. The system of particles,rigid body.
7. Dynamics of a rigid body,work, kinetic energy.
8. The gravitational field,intensity and potential.
9. The motions of planets.
10.The harmonic oscilator.
11.Damped and forced vibrations.
13.Mechanical waves, travelling wave and standing wave in a row of points, spatial waves, velocity of wave propagation in matter. Doppler&apos;s effect and its applications.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of secondary school physics, high school mathematics, derivatives, integrals, fundamental differential equations.

Language of instruction

Czech

Credits

5 credits

Semester

winter

Forms and criteria of assessment

course-unit credit and examination

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Offered to foreign students

Not to offer

Course on BUT site

https://www.vut.cz/en/students/courses/detail/253611

Lecture

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective

Syllabus

1. Kinematics of a point mass.
2. Dynamics of a point mass.
3. Equation for motion for inertial and non-inertial systems.
4. Work power and energy.
5. Impulse of force,momentum of force.
6. The system of particles,rigid body.
7. Dynamics of a rigid body,work, kinetic energy.
8. The gravitational field,intensity and potential.
9. The motions of planets.
10.The harmonic oscilator.
11.Damped and forced vibrations.
13.Mechanical waves, travelling wave and standing wave in a row of points, spatial waves, velocity of wave propagation in matter. Doppler's effect and its applications.

Exercise

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, compulsory

Syllabus

Week 1: instructions - introduction to methods of measurement, calculation methods, roles for an entire semester (cyclic tasks for pairs of students familiar with the safety regulations for work on electrical installations in student labs)
Week 2 first laboratory measurement tasks according to the schedule
Week 3 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 4 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 5 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 6 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 7 consultation, corrections, measurement of errorneous exercises
Week 8 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 9 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 10 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 11 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 12 following measurements according to schedule and commit the previous measurements and calculated examples
Week 13 exam and submission of the minutes of the previous measurements, credit
Laboratory exercises:
Radius of curvature of spherical surfaces and dioptric power as found by means of the spherometer
Surface area as determined by calculation and with a planimeter
Density of solids as determined by the direct method and the hydrostatic balance
Modulus of elasticity in tension as determined by direct method
Modulus of elasticity in tension as measured tensometrically and mechanically by static method from deflection
Modulus of elasticity in tension as determined by oscillations of a bar
Modulus of elasticity in shear as determined by direct method
Modulus of elasticity in shear as determined by dynamic method
Local acceleration of gravity as determined by reversion pendulum
Determining the moment of inertia from the physical pendulum’s swing period
Moment of inertia as determined by torsial vibration