Course Details

# Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow

Academic Year 2023/24

BR052 course is part of 1 study plan

B-P-C-SI (N) / V Winter Semester 4th year

Solution of the open channel hydraulics problems (uniform and nonuniform steady flow, unsteady flow, stability of the bottom and banks of the channel), solution using software of open channel flow HEC-RAS.
Software application, demonstration of case studies.
Hydraulic solution of the structures appearing on channels (bed drops, weirs, bridges, culverts).

Course Guarantor

Institute

Objective

The aim of the course is to acquaint students with principles of hydraulics of open channels. In this course solves water flow in open channels, ie consistently uniform and non-uniform flow, sediment movement. The content of the course is also hydraulic solution of buildings on watercourses such as weirs, bridges and culverts. For solving hydraulic task is used 1D Software HEC-RAS. The course includes specific examples of completed projects.

The students will obtain knowledge about nonuniform steady flow and unsteady flow, about transport and dispersion of conservative component in rivers and about transport of sediment.

Knowledge

Students complete goal of this course which include getting up principles of flow in the open channels. Also students get experience in flow in the open channels through term projects.

Syllabus

1. Introduction to open channel flow
2. Basic theory of open channels flow
3. I. Mathematical formulation of 1D flow problem
4. II. Mathematical formulation of 1D flow problem
5. Saint-Venant equations
6. Mathematical formulation of the problem of transportation and dispersion
7. Numerical solution
8. The movement of sediment load
9. The issue of determining the open channel roughness
10. Practical problems the flow calculation
11. Structures on streams (weirs, bridges, culverts)
12. Hydraulic solutions crossing bridges and culverts with watercourses
13. The issue of ice phenomena on rivers

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge in the field of Water Management and Water Structures, basic knowledge of mathematics, physics, hydraulics and hydrology.

Language of instruction

Czech

Credits

5 credits

Semester

winter

Forms and criteria of assessment

course-unit credit and examination

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Offered to foreign students

Not to offer

Course on BUT site

Lecture

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective

Syllabus

1. Introduction to open channel flow.

2. Basic theory of open channels flow.

3. I. Mathematical formulation of 1D flow problem.

4. II. Mathematical formulation of 1D flow problem.

5. Saint-Venant equations.

6. Mathematical formulation of the problem of transportation and dispersion.

7. Numerical solution.

8. The movement of sediment load.

9. The issue of determining the open channel roughness.

10. Practical problems the flow calculation.

11. Structures on streams (weirs, bridges, culverts).

12. Hydraulic solutions crossing bridges and culverts with watercourses.

13. The issue of ice phenomena on rivers

Exercise

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, compulsory

Syllabus

1. Introduction, solving example No. 1

2. Creating a basic task in the HEC-RAS, procedure for the definition geometry data and boundary conditions. Solving the example.

3. Start calculation, results presentation. Solution Example 1 by HEC-RAS.

4. Computation of the water levels in the reach of channel for various boundary conditions.

5. Practicing on examples.

6. Entering inefficient areas and levees.

7. Determination of capacity in the specified section of the flow.

8. Tributary, flow change location.

9. Structures on stream - bridges.

10. Structures on stream - culverts.

11. Structures on stream - bed drop, weirs.

12. Structures on stream - weirs.

13. Presentation of exercises, presentations of dealt works in the workplace. Granting of credit.