Course Details

# Hydraulics and Hydrology (K),(V)

BR051 course is part of 2 study plans

B-K-C-SI (N) / VS Summer Semester 2nd year

B-P-C-SI (N) / VS Summer Semester 2nd year

Basics of fluid statics – properties of fluids, pressure in a fluid at rest, hydrostatic forces on plain and curved surface, floatation
Basics of hydrodynamics, water flow in pressure pipeline systems.
Flow in systems with a free surface, in open channels and flow over hydraulic structures.
New finding in hydraulics of water structures.
Basics of groundwater flow, wells, collection galleries.
Basics in hydrology, water balance, precipitation, evaporation, surface runoff from watershed and its analysis, maximum and minimum discharges, M-day and N-year discharges.
Students will take the course partly in computational and laboratory exercises.

Course Guarantor

Institute

Objective

By attending the course students will get basic information on behaviour of fluids, phenomenons generated in water flow in pressure system and open channels. The students will also learn the information on water cycle in nature and measuring of related qualitative and quantitative parameters.

Knowledge

Students complete goal of this course which include getting up principles of hydraulics and hydrology.

Syllabus

1st Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.
2nd Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.
3rd Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow.
4th Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.
5th Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels.
6th Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.
7th Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.
8th Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.
9th Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.
10th Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well)
11th Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.
12th Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics, mechanics and statics.

Language of instruction

Czech

Credits

4 credits

Semester

summer

Forms and criteria of assessment

course-unit credit and examination

Specification of controlled instruction, the form of instruction, and the form of compensation of the absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Offered to foreign students

Not to offer

Course on BUT site

Lecture

13 weeks, 2 hours/week, elective

Syllabus

1st Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.

2nd Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.

3rd Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow.

4th Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.

5th Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels.

6th Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.

7th Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.

8th Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.

9th Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.

10th Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well).

11th Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.

12th Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.

Exercise

13 weeks, 1 hours/week, compulsory

Syllabus

1st to 2nd Calculations of communicating vessels and pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces.

3rd to 4th Fluid flow calculations using the Bernoulli equation and the continuity equation.

5th to 6th Calculations of steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels and critical depth calculations.

7th to 8th Calculations of orifice discharge and overflow.

9th to 10th Calculations of hydraulic jump and design of a rectangular stilling basin. The calculations of water flow in bridges and culverts.

11th to 12th Basic calculations of groundwater flow - wells. Calculation of runoff from the watershed. Estimates of m-day discharges.