Science and Research Orientation
Science and research is of the key importance for the Faculty of Civil Engineering. Research development at this Faculty is lead by the Vice-Dean for Science and Research, Professor Jindřich Melcher, supported by the Faculty Research Committee, members of staff in the research grants and contracts and by particular departments which are involved in a high number of projects and grants declared by the grant agencies, grants from the Ministry of Industry and others. Currently particular attention is paid to the 6th Framework Programme which is undertaken in cooperation with various universities and where partnership for joint projects is offered as well. The official formalities are administered by the Office for Research and Science. Major research projects have focussed on construction process in civil engineering, development of new building materials and technologies, problems of solid soils, building requirements, economics, surveying and management of civil engineering.
SCIENTIFIC AND RESEARCH ORIENTATION WITHIN PARTICULAR SPECIALIZATIONS
The scientific and research orientation is aimed at actual problems of the building manufacturing process, building management and building investments. Economics and Management in the Building Industry is characterised by certain specifics which consequently influence its own management within building companies and management of building investments. The orientation also includes the capital goods building market which is an indicator of the overall economic environment of a country. The research and scientific activities are aimed at solving the problems of thermal provision of buildings, acoustics of building structures, daylight illumination, the microclimate throughout buildings, flat roofs and their usage, and the redevelopment of buildings.
The research activities of the Institute of Geodesy and Cartography are concentrated on several trends: precise GPS measurements for geodynamics and engineering applications, deformation measurements of engineering constructions, photogrammetry and protection of natural phenomena (eg., the Moravian Karst, Králický Sněžník etc.). The local experimental geodynamic network, Sněžník, was established by Czech-Polish cooperation in 1992. Nowadays, it is one of the most precise local networks in the Czech Republic. The network was designed as a testing local satellite network for monitoring and analyses of deformations in the upper layer of lithosphere. Several research campaigns involving GPS, EDM, levelling, gravimetric, astronomical and other measurements had been carried out in the network within several research projects. The network is used for education and training courses as well. The permanent GPS station, TUBO, was established on the roof of the Institute in September 2001, and serves as the station of the EPN-EUREF (European Reference Frame) Permanent Network.
The scientific and research orientation of this specialization includes these fields:
- development of new structural systems,
- projecting and modelling of steel, timber, concrete and masonry structures, glass structures and compounds,
- experimental and theoretical analyses of building structures,
- reliability of building structures,
- geographical information systems,
- acoustic vibration parameters of structures and their analyses,
- testing and evaluation of project standards for surface transport communications,
- technology of maintenance and repair of roadways,
- stability and reliability of railway superstructure and substructure,
- experimental tests of models, components and parts within building structures, including methods of radiation defectoscopy.,
Scientific and research activities are focused on technology, usage, research and development of building materials, including their testing. The research of building materials and components is conducted with regard to their life span and economical usage. Substantial attention is also devoted to the ecological point of view. The results of research are applicable in building and technological practice, as well as in the area of research and development of building materials and components. These research and scientific findings are being published in domestic and foreign specialized press and literature and they are used for professional training, seminars and conferences and for the training for university specialists.
Knowledge acquired within the research and development of particular professional disciplines can be applied for launching new building procedures, methods, instructions, systems and for the training of professional employees. Results and findings are published in specialized publications, at conferences and as a part of legal regulations, standards, provisions and recommendations.
Within grant-funded tasks, scientific and research projects and economic contracts connected with practice, the university staff solves scientific and research tasks relating to the treatment of industrial, drinking and waste water, the supply of drinking water, the drainage of urban areas as well as the modelling of water circulation within soil and rock environments, water circulation and quality within the watercourse network. Stress modelling, deformation, restoration of stability and reliability of hydraulic objects and environmental protection is also a component of this specialization. Problems are dealt with by either modelling research in laboratories or by mathematical modelling with the use of modern computing technologies within national and international grants and projects.